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What Makes a Diamond so Special?

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What Makes Diamonds so SpecialThinking of diamonds evokes sparkling, brilliant and scintillating images of light shimmering through the world's most beautiful gemstone. No wonder, diamonds have always been sought after gems, enslaving humans by their beauty.

The Romans thought diamonds as splinters from falling stars, while the Greeks regarded them as tears of Gods. Diamonds derive their name from the Greek word 'Adamas' which means invincible. For some diamonds symbolize power, and for others they depict eternal love and ignite romantic passion.

Primary Token of Love?

Diamonds claimed their place as primary tokens of love toward the end of 15th century, the time when Austrian Archduke Maximilian presented his betrothed with a diamond engagement ring. It was placed in the left hand's fourth finger, from which a vein directly goes to the heart. This was a trendsetter for diamonds being used for depicting endless love. The circular shape of a wedding ring symbolizes eternal love. Gold represents enduring beauty, purity, and strength, all appropriate marriage sentiments. Why wear the ring on the third finger of the left hand? The ancient Egyptians believed that the vein in that finger ran directly to the heart. As for that big rock of an engagement ring, brides have the Archduke Maximillian of Austria and Mary of Burgundy to thank for that: In 1477 he offered his beloved a diamond as a betrothal gift -- the first recorded diamond engagement ring.

What Do Diamonds Symbolize?

Diamonds are known to symbolize everlasting love, eternity and power; and are an unmatched paragon. A diamond has always fascinated humans and enkindled the passion and emotion since the event of their discovery. Diamond is an excellent investment if someone is looking for something that can be considered to represent a timeless gift and symbol of purity and commitment or a beautiful piece of art.


The spark and fire from a well cut diamond has made diamonds valued as precious gemstones. Each diamond is unique in its own way, and diamonds are available in many beautiful shapes and cut types that exhibit a diamond's beauty and sparkle in their own unique way.

The colorless beauty and inner fire of the diamond has made this precious gem prized for centuries. Each stone's complex characteristics cannot be duplicated, and no two diamonds can ever be the same. Each stone, like its owner, is endowed with a personality and character uniquely its own.

Diamond's brilliance is the most important characteristic of the many characteristics often described of diamond. Diamond's brilliance is the core of the beauty of diamond. Brilliance is the life of the diamond . Brilliant diamonds explode with light, catching people's eye inadvertently, sparkling in candlelight, adding elegance and glamor to a woman's whole being.

Diamond brilliance is defined as the reflection of a bright white light from the facets of the diamond and is determined by the artistry of the cutting and polishing. Each facet must be cut and shaped with precision, and placed with perfect symmetry. A beautifully polished diamond provides maximum luster or light reflected from its surfaces.


A diamond holds great value as a gem, and is the hardest of all natural materials. This makes it resistant to scratches and deterioration. The famous slogan from the renowned company, De Beers, 'A Diamond is Forever' confirms that diamond jewelry is a lifelong asset. When cared for properly, diamond jewelry can be worn every day and passed on as an heirloom to the next generation.

We know that Diamond is the hardest substance found in nature, but few people realize that Diamond is four times harder than the next hardest natural mineral, corundum (sapphire and ruby). But even as hard as it is, it is not impervious. Diamond has four directions of cleavage, meaning that if it receives a sharp blow in one of these directions it will cleave, or split. A skilled diamond setter and/or jeweler will prevent any of these directions from being in a position to be struck while mounted in a jewelry piece.

Diamonds are the hardest and most brilliant of all gems and were once used in medicine because they were believed to produce longevity, energy, strength, and a good complexion. Hardness is not the only measure of a mineral's durability. Its relative resistance to fracture is another important measure of its durability.

Enduring Value

Market prices of diamond tend to fluctuate, but diamond being very precious gem always retains its value. These sparkling gemstones retain their value even after years of being worn and enjoyed.

For centuries, people have found that the sparkle and brilliance of a quality diamond expresses their deepest emotions and symbolizes their enduring love. Yet with many beautiful diamonds to choose from-and no two alike-how do you choose the right diamond while spending wisely? We recommend getting to know what makes diamonds precious and desirable such as the the 4Cs of diamond and buying only from reliable sources who are reputable and provide diamond certification and product guarantees.

The Gemological Institute of America ( GIA ) and American Gem Society (AGS) grade many diamonds of one carat or greater according to the four Cs: cut, color, clarity, and carat weight. The interplay of the four Cs determines a diamond's value. A diamond's value rises as its size, or carat weight, increases; a carat is one-fifth of a gram, or about 7 / 1,000 of an ounce.

Gemological Institute of America's (GIA) quality analysis system and American Gem Society's (AGS) grading systems are the most widely used methods for grading gemstones in the United States.

Diamond Fluorescence

Fluorescence is the emission of bluish light emitted by about one third of gem-quality diamonds when exposed to long-wave ultraviolet light. The intensity may vary from faint to very strong. Under normal lighting conditions, this property of fluorescence is not detectable. However, a naturally fluorescent diamond tends to emit a soft colored glow when held under an ultraviolet lamp or 'black light'. Fluorescence is not harmful to the diamond or to the wearer. Most commonly diamonds show bluish light while exhibiting fluorescence, but can also show shades of yellow or white depending on the inclusions in the diamond crystal matrix. Fluorescence is described in the range from none (or inert), faint, negligible, medium, strong and very strong.

Fluorescence in diamonds can have both favorable and unfavorable effects. For example, diamonds in the color range from I to N with medium to strong blue fluorescence can appear more colorless, which is an obvious advantage. The bluish emission masks the very faint yellowish body color of these diamonds. Diamonds with very strong fluorescence can exhibit an oily or milky appearance, even under incandescent lighting. However, according to a GIA study, the average observer was not able to detect any difference in color or transparency when viewing diamonds with fluorescence.

Fluorescence of diamonds is often used to detect fakes. Gemologists identify and separate diamonds from the diamond look-alikes (such as moissannite and cubic zirconium) by viewing the gem under a UV lamp. If it emits blue light, it is almost certainly a diamond. In fact, most diamonds have some degree of fluorescence under natural light consisting of some UV frequencies. But the reverse cannot be stated true, that is, if a suspected diamond does not show fluorescence, it cannot be made certain that it is not a diamond.


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